Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Facing eviction

A mid-day heat haze covers the desolate Stung Meanchey dumpsite
Various communities in Phnom Penh face eviction on an almost daily basis but there's one group with a difference. They are the families who rely on the city's main garbage dump site at Stung Meanchey for their meagre living and who face eviction when the site is closed sometime soon (estimates range from next month to the end of the year). The location of the city's garbage is being moved out to the Choeung Ek district, further out of town, and the current site will be redeveloped, necessitating the eviction of the families who live there today. It will also present a problem of what to do next for the dozen or so organizations who have set up shop near the current site to help the families who live there, and particularly the children of the dump.

Here's a report on the situation by Claire Truscott for AFP:
Cambodia's dump dwellers face eviction

Scavenging for bits of plastic, metal and glass that earn them an average 10 dollars a month, the children of Phnom Penh's municipal rubbish dump are among Cambodia's poorest. Hundreds of families live on and around the 100-acre (40.5-hectare) site, making their meagre living from the materials they collect on the steaming rubbish heap, replenished daily with 900 tonnes of the capital's refuse. "We don't go to school. I'd like to but I need to pick the litter and earn money. I have nine siblings and they all work the same job as me," said 13-year-old Mek. Dump trucks rumble in and out of Stung Meanchey landfill site throughout the day, while the toxic waste that covers sink holes burns in the sun. "I really worry about the children working on the dump especially because of the rubbish trucks that sometimes hit the children, because it's hard to see them up there," said 26-year-old father-of-two Chan Samon. His fears are not unfounded - in February a 16-year-old girl was killed when a bin fell on her head. There have been numerous victims like her since the site opened more than 45 years ago.

Chan Samon told AFP he earns a pittance selling mostly bottles and cans to Vietnamese buyers. Middlemen come to nine storage depots at the dump's entrance, before selling it on to recycling companies for profit. One kilogramme (2.2 pounds) of plastic fetches 10 cents, while one kilogramme of iron or a glass bottle goes for 2.5 cents. But these slim pickings are all these families have. Many of them arrived in Phnom Penh from the rural provinces in the hope of finding better work, only to discover their only option was to join those foraging for rubbish. Now Cambodia's authorities are closing down the site and moving the dump several miles outside the capital. None of the residents are clear who is evicting them, only that they have been told to expect to move at any time. "I heard something about the dump moving but I don't know what's going to happen," said Mek, who has worked at the site since he was three years old.

The move has been discussed locally since 2003, residents said, but a recent letter sent out by municipal authorities to all Phnom Penh residents confirmed the closure would take place in the "second quarter" of the year. It said rubbish collection prices would need to rise because of the move, which it said was necessary because of the "environmental impact" of the site, citing the noise, smell, smoke and poor underground water quality. Until the proposed eviction a few lucky children had escaped the grimy work thanks to about a dozen charities set up around the landfill site. The organisations pay parents for lost income while they provide their offspring with schooling, clothes, food and a clean place to sleep. "When I was up on the dump I met (charity outreach worker) Theary and he was interested in helping me and he brought me here," said 10-year-old Srey Neat, one of 96 children being looked after by Theary, who goes by only one name, and the charity "A New Day Cambodia". The centre pays parents 10 dollars a month to keep their children away from the scavenging work.

But with the dump's closure, that helping hand may not be able to stretch far enough if the dump dwellers move further afield. "We have some concern about whether some of the parents will need to move away and would like to take their children with them," said the centre's director Annette Jensen. The landfill site is expected to be rebuilt next to Cambodia's infamous Killing Fields, where thousands of people were killed and buried by the communist Khmer Rouge regime during its 1975-1979 rule. Chan Samon said he will have no choice but to take his wife and two children and move over to the new site. "If the dump moves we will have to move with it. I have no choice because I don't have any other job," he said.
A small makeshift dwelling on the Stung Meanchey dumpsite

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1 Comments:

Blogger amy said...

Hi Andy,
I am in the process of making a documentary on the Stung Meanchey dump, I am looking for people to interview, please let me know if you might be interested. amyhanson4@googlemail.com

June 10, 2009 at 6:23 PM  

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